Updated: Oct 6
The inability of a person to reproduce in a natural way is known as infertility. It is a general misconception that if a couple is having some problems with bearing a child, the woman is the main cause of it. But that is completely false. Both women and men are affected by infertility problems. Statistically, out of all infertility cases, one-third are caused by men, another one-third are caused by women, and the remaining one-third is due to other reasons.
When a heterosexual couple is unable to get pregnant due to the female partner, this is called female infertility.
Pregnancy is the overall outcome of a multi-step process. It includes:
Ovulation - One of a woman's ovaries needs to release an egg.
The fallopian tube is where the egg travels through to reach the uterus (womb).
Fertilisation - a man's sperm must unite with (fertilise) the egg.
Implantation - The fertilised egg needs to adhere to the uterus' inside.
If any of the above steps don’t happen properly, it could lead to infertility.
What causes infertility in women?
Polyps, fibroids, septum, or adhesions inside the uterine cavity are examples of uterine problems. Other anomalies (such as a septum) are present from birth, whereas polyps and fibroids can arise on their own at any moment. After a procedure such as a dilation and a curettage, adhesions may develop (D&C).
Infertility due to the "tubal factor" is most frequently caused by a pelvic inflammatory illness, which is typically brought on by chlamydia and gonorrhoea.
A woman may not ovulate (release an egg) on a regular basis for a variety of reasons. Ovulation can be impacted by a variety of factors, including hormonal imbalances, pituitary tumours, prior eating disorders, substance addiction, thyroid issues, and extreme stress.
Quality and number of eggs
Women are born with all the eggs they will ever need, but this supply sometimes "runs out" before menopause. Additionally, some eggs will have an incorrect number of chromosomes, which prevents them from fertilising or developing into healthy foetuses. All of the eggs may be impacted by certain of these chromosomal problems, such as "balanced translocation." Others are arbitrary but increase in frequency as a woman ages.
Who is at risk?
Infertility is a common issue. About 10% of women are affected by infertility. But some of them could be at a high risk of getting it. Some of the factors are
Being underweight or overweight
Abnormal menstrual cycle
Sexually transmitted infections
How can you prevent it?
Maintain a healthy weight
Follow a healthy meal
Quit smoking and drinking