Updated: Oct 19, 2021

IVF stands for in vitro fertilization. In vitro means “in the lab” and fertilization refers to conception. IVF helps with fertilization, embryo development, and implantation, so you can get pregnant.

Usually, IVF is pursued only after other fertility treatments have failed. You may have been trying to conceive for months or, more likely, for years and years.

But this is not always the case. Sometimes, IVF is the very first treatment tried.

For example, IVF may be the first option if:

  • A gestational carrier is needed

  • An egg donor is being used

  • If a woman's fallopian tubes are blocked

  • Severe cases of male infertility

  • When previously cryopreserved eggs are being used

Still, even in these cases, IVF may come after years of trying to get pregnant and several fertility tests.


IVF has many steps, and it takes several months to complete the whole process. It sometimes works on the first try, but many people need more than 1 round of IVF to get pregnant.

Usually, IVF involves taking many eggs (retrieved via a transvaginal ultrasound-guided needle) and placing them in a petri dish with specially washed sperm cells (retrieved via masturbation).

First, you take medication that makes several of your eggs mature and ready for fertilization. Then the doctor takes the eggs out of your body and mixes them with sperm in a lab, to help the sperm fertilize the eggs. Then they put 1 or more fertilized eggs (embryos) directly into your uterus. Pregnancy happens if any of the embryos implant in the lining of your uterus.

The IVF process can be explained in these 4 steps; however to really understand how IVF can work for you, please consult with Experts at Rohit Test Tube Baby Centre.

Step 1: Ovulation induction

Your doctor will monitor your ovaries leading up to and during the IVF process to ensure that you will release eggs to be fertilized at a particular time. Most of the time medication or hormones are used to stimulate the ovaries to produce one or more eggs.

Step 2: Egg retrieval

Under light pain medication, your doctor inserts a very thin needle through the upper vaginal wall and removes fluid, which contains eggs, from the follicles of the ovaries.

Immediately after retrieval of the follicle(s), the egg is placed in a dish and transferred to an incubator.

Step 3: Fertilization

A sperm sample is secured, either from your partner or a donor, and analyzed and added to the egg(s) retrieved. Sometimes your doctor may choose to inject the sperm directly into the egg to optimize success. The doctor and embryologist then monitors the fertilization process to make sure a healthy embryo is developed.

Step 4: Embryo transfer

Once your doctor and embryologist determine that the embryo(s) is ready for transfer, you go back for “transfer day”. This is a day full of excitement mixed with anxiety because while you’ve reached the final step of the IVF process, there are still many unknowns. The doctor places a speculum into your vagina and transfers the embryo(s) through a small plastic tube placed through the cervix into the uterine cavity.


The IVF cycle itself takes around four weeks, the length of a normal ovulation cycle.

Over the course of 3 to 5 days, successfully fertilized eggs develop into embryos. Then the embryo quality is examined for transfer, freezing, or further culturing and development.

For the woman, however, the IVF process actually starts weeks earlier. IVF is not a single treatment but a series of procedures. An average IVF cycle takes about 6 to 8 weeks from consultation to transfer, but depending on the specific circumstances of each the path is similar for every patient. What varies is how your body responds at each stage.

The process followed to give patients the best results:

  1. Week 1: first visits and consultations

  2. Week 2-4: preparation begins

  3. Week 5: medication and monitoring

  4. Week 7: triggering, egg retrieval, and fertilization

After IVF :

After the transfer, you will take a progesterone supplement to help support the uterine lining and encourage implantation.

  • Pregnancy test 1: Approximately 12 days after the embryo/blastocyst transfer, you will take your first pregnancy test in the clinic. If it is positive, we will schedule you for Pregnancy Test 2.

  • Pregnancy test 2: This repeat test is done within one week of the first positive test. If it is positive, we will schedule you for an ultrasound after 2-3 weeks, and then you can transfer your care to an OB GYN.


IVF injections are a critical piece in the IVF process. These injections help stimulate your ovaries to produce mature eggs that are then harvested and fertilized with sperm.

In the majority of circumstances, IVF injections don’t involve much pain. At the same time, it’s important to note that pain is subjective. It can vary from individual to individual. This means that someone who is more sensitive may experience a higher level of discomfort than someone who is less sensitive.

All injections can elicit a slight but temporary stinging sensation. This is often the most pain you will feel during this phase of the IVF process. However, at ELITE IVF, we understand that needles can make some individuals uncomfortable. If you’re unsure how you will react to the needles, bring a loved one or friend with you to your injection appointment to help support you throughout this process.

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