Learn the myths and facts about male infertility.

Updated: Sep 19

Male infertility refers to the inability of a man and his female partner to start a pregnancy. According to a study, male fertility is highly influenced by body mass index (BMI) and excess weight that has been linked to reproductive problems such as a reduction in the quality of men's sperm.

Male reproductive health is rarely discussed in India or anywhere else on the planet, and even when infertility is recognized, it is met with disappointment and humiliation because of the assumption of an inability to reproduce.


Myth: Male infertility is not affected by age.


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Male infertility is not affected by age

According to a popular belief, men can become fathers at any age, and male infertility has nothing to do with their age.


Reality: Male fertility falls as men get older and their sperm count and quality decline. Older men are more likely to suffer from sexual dysfunction and other health issues, which might have an influence on their fertility.


Myth: Male infertility is uncommon.


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Up to 15% of couples struggle with infertility. Infertility is diagnosed when a couple has had unprotected intercourse for at least a year and has not gotten pregnant.


Reality: Both men and women are affected by infertility. Infertility is equally linked to male and female infertility. Male fertility affects one out of every 25 males. A malefactor is responsible for about 30% of all infertility cases, whereas a female factor is responsible for the remaining 30%. The remaining 30–40% of infertility cases are either a mix of male and female infertility, or the exact cause is unknown.


Myth: Male infertility is not affected by STIs and STDs.


Reality: Sexually transmitted illnesses or infections, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, can cause male infertility. These STIs and STDs increase the risk of sexual health problems and infertility in men by affecting the quality and quantity of sperm. This can be avoided by limiting one's sexual partners, using protection during intercourse, and having STI or DS testing on a regular basis.


Myth: Substance abuse has nothing to do with infertility.


Reality: Regular use of drugs like cigarettes and alcohol has been linked to a decrease in male fertility. According to research, smoking produces a drop in sperm density, total sperm count, and a total number of motile sperm when compared to nonsmokers. This is one of the most common reasons for sexual dysfunction. Excessive alcohol consumption in men can have a similar effect on fertility as well as a drop in testosterone levels.


Myth: Male infertility is purely due to sperm quality.


For fertilization, high-quality sperm is required.


Reality: Fertility is influenced by overall health. Sperm quality is influenced by male fertility, although it is not the only factor. Hormone levels, obesity, smoking, alcohol, and some medications can all have a negative impact on fertility.


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