Types of Infertility

While getting pregnant may happen immediately for some, it may take longer for others. If you've been trying for a year and still haven't conceived, it's a good idea to visit a doctor.

Women over the age of 36 and those who are already aware they may be experiencing fertility issues should visit their doctor sooner rather than later. They can look for common causes of infertility and offer potential solutions. Infertility is typically only identified after a year of unsuccessful attempts by a couple.


Infertility comes in two forms.


Types of infertility

  1. Primary Infertility

  2. Secondary Infertility

Primary Infertility


Primary infertility is the phrase used to describe a situation where a couple has tried unprotected sexual activity for at least a year without success. Numerous mental, as well as physical factors, might contribute to infertility.


Secondary Infertility

Secondary infertility is the inability to conceive or bring a pregnancy to term after having previously been pregnant and delivered a healthy baby. The reasons for primary infertility and secondary infertility are often similar.


Secondary infertility could result from:

  • Issues with the sperm, such as insufficient or correctly moving sperm

  • Damage to the fallopian tube that hinders an egg from reaching the uterus or sperm from contacting an egg

  • Issues with the egg's release from the ovary

  • Endometriosis scarring occurs when tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus develops outside of it.

  • Uterine diseases such as uterine fibroids or adenomyosis

  • Complications resulting from prior surgery or pregnancy

  • Changes in risk factors, such as age, weight, and the use of specific drugs, for you or your partner


Secondary infertility may come as a shock and cause stress. Reach out to your partner, family, or friend for support if you need it.


Speak to your doctor if you're under 35 and have been trying to conceive for a year.


Your doctor may want to examine both you and your spouse, depending on the situation. Talk to your doctor after six months if you are 35 or older.


If you have infertility risk factors, you might need to see your doctor more frequently. These include endometriosis and having few or no periods. Your doctor can advise you on whether you think you would benefit from specialized care or treatment at a reproductive clinic.


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